Super Sunday Mystery Quilt Supply List

Three Cheers for the Red, White and Blue

General Directions

Are you ready for a new mystery quilt? How about an easy one you can make in red, white and blue that could be a Quilt of Valor if you added a border? Or perhaps just make it in dark, medium and light shades of your favorite color as a lap or wheelchair quilt. It finishes 46″ x 46″ but can easily be made larger with an additional border.

Before beginning this or any other project, wash and press your fabric. If you like the behavior of crisp fabric as you work with it, try a little spray sizing when you iron it. Take the time to clean your machine, put in a new needle and fill a few bobbins.

Pressing means just holding the iron over a spot for a moment or two. Don’t drag the iron back and forth as you normally do when ironing a garment. That might distort your seams.

This pattern assumes a perfect 1/4” seam. WOF means Width of Fabric.

To “square up” a block, place a ruler the size of the unfinished block on top of the block, matching the diagonal line of the ruler with the diagonal line of the block if possible. Cut all the way around the block. You will find it convenient to have a 6-1/2″ square ruler.

Cutting directions are for the traditional method of making Half Square Triangle Blocks (HSTs) and uses the QIAD Flying Geese ruler to make the
3-1/2″ x 6-1/2″ Flying Geese blocks. If you prefer another method, be sure to cut for that method instead. More items you may find helpful are a Stripology Ruler to cut the strips and a Quick Quarter Ruler to make the HSTs.

Fabric Requirements

If you would like to make a scrappy quilt, cut each strip out of a different print in the same color family. You will make smaller cuts at each clue using these strips. Always save leftover fabric as you may need it for the next clue.

1-1/2 yards Background:
(1) 12-1/2″ wide strip by the WOF.
(3) 9-1/2″ strips by the WOF.
(5) 2″ wide strips by the WOF

1/4 yard Red:
(2) 4″ wide strips by the WOF.

1-1/8 yard Blue:
(1) 7-1/2″ wide by the WOF
(1) 4″ wide by the WOF
(4) 3-1/2″ wide by the WOF
(5) 2-1/2″ wide by the WOF (this is the border)
(2) 2″ wide by the WOF

Remember:

Free patterns and mysteries have the same Copyright protections as any purchased pattern.  Please don’t make an extra copy for your friends.  Send them to Phoebemoon.com or this blog to download their own copy.  The income I make from pattern sales and advertising keeps me designing!

Questions or Comments?  Use the Leave a Comment link in the upper left corner.

The Scrappy Friends Quilt Mystery is Solved!

I’d like to thank everyone who participated in our latest mystery.  I have been doing these since 2007 or thereabouts and I think this one might be our most popular yet!  It is really amazing what people can do with scraps. Here are some pictures. Click on the picture thumbnails below to see them up close.

If you would like to see more, or purchase the pattern, visit http://phoebemoon.com/Patterns/scrappy-friends.htm

Greetings from Old Fort, NC

Campground at Catawba Falls
Life is sure an adventure. We left Pensacola Beach a day early because of all the hysteria about Irma and drove north to Montgomery, AL. We only stayed there two days because I didn’t make a longer reservation. At the time I made the reservation, there was no hysteria – I was just changing course to be on the safe side. My thought was to go to Atlanta, then SC, keeping most of our reservations. Didn’t happen.

So the place in Montgomery – 5 hours north of Florida – was packed to the gills. They had to turn people away, but the city of Montgomery was making concessions and allowing them to stay in parking lots and so on. The police were everywhere, offering people aid if they needed it. Some did. People just threw themselves into cars and left.

Our next stop was Chattanooga where WE were one of the people staying in fields. 10 hours north of Florida. We knew that was going to happen so we had filled the trailer with water and charged up all the appliances ahead of time. The trailer does have a battery and both the hot water heater and the fridge work on propane so we were not suffering. We even had wifi.

But we left the next day to get out of the wind and so now we are here in Western NC. We are at Catawba Falls campground, the last space available in all the campgrounds in the area. 13 hours north of Florida and the roads were still packed. The campground is pretty nice, actually, we back up to a stream and the people are friendly. But we only have 30amp, which isn’t as much of a problem as no wifi, no TV and very poor Verizon. We are going into town shortly so I can send this and get the current news on Irma. It’s cold here – 55 degrees – but we have a propane heater.

We are leaving here Wednesday. Not sure where we are going yet. But it is supposed to be nice that day so it doesn’t matter too much if we have to boondock again. We have a week reservation on the Outer Banks as of Thursday. Supposed to rain all that week but at least it will be warmer.

Then off to Gettysburg where we have to give Harvey to his mommy. We will miss that kitten! He is so much fun to watch. Yesterday, John was eating an Oreo and he put one down on the arm of his chair. Harvey ZOOMED up the chair, grabbed the Oreo and took it to the carpet, where he managed to get it open and start eating the fluff before some meanie took it away from him. He has learned that first-thing-in-the-morning is treat time, and now gets his own set of treats. At least it has dulled his teeth a little, whew!

Greetings from Pensacola Beach, FL

Pensacola Beach View

We are at the Pensacola Beach Resort, in what I believe is the most expensive site of our whole trip.  But it is so totally worth it. The trailer backs up to the sound, so we only have to walk out our door, turn right and by the time we get to the end of the trailer, we are on the beach. The ocean is very warm here as the water isn’t deep near the shore. You have to walk out quite a way to get to swim. I’m not complaining!

We are on a narrow little spit of land – one of Florida’s barrier islands. If you cross the street (which is a four lane highway but has an island in the center), and walk past a hotel on a public sidewalk, you come to the ocean side of the island. That’s where the waves are. The beach on that side is 65 miles long. It was full of people when we went yesterday, but that’s to be expected.

There is a boardwalk about half a mile from us. It is full of stores selling tourist stuff, street vendors, restaurants and bars. We bought some floats so we could float in the sound and get a tan. Of course, we got a burn. Just never know when to go inside. It’s fun to watch all the activity. People on sailboats, jet skis, parasailing, boogie boards and, overhead, airplanes pulling advertising signs and helicopters from the naval base practicing.

There are not a lot of seagulls here, but there ARE pelicans. They look just like you would expect except they don’t have the deep beak unless they are eating. They skim across the surface of the ocean in groups looking for fish. It’s funny to watch them. They flap, flap, flap, gliiiiiiide, flap, flap, gliiiiiide, occasionally diving to catch a fish.

There is a free shuttle here that takes you up and down the island, but it doesn’t run until after 5PM. That’s okay, we are outside doing stuff until then. We do plan on doing something educational after the holiday. We are close to Pensacola, home of the Blue Angels so I am sure we can tour something at the Naval Air Station. There is a lighthouse near here too.

And we need groceries. That’s always a challenge when we go places. We really stocked up when we thought we might get caught in Hurricane Harvey, so we are fine for now. But running out of fresh stuff – salad, milk, etc. And now Irma seems to be threatening the very part of Florida we are heading to next – sheesh! We may skip Ocala and go directly to SC. We aren’t going to make any decisions for a few days.

Speaking of Hurricane Harvey, the kitten is doing wonderfully. His Bengal coloring is starting to come out and he really does look like a tiger. He is playful and happy, except when we step on him. John and I shuffle like old people (no comments from the Peanut gallery) to avoid squishing him. He zooms everywhere. He’s gotten stuck in places that have only been open for a few seconds – under drawers, in showers, in the closet.

Harvey and Rocky share the sunshine

You can’t go to the bathroom by yourself because he can zoom under the door. But that’s okay, we have been working on litter box training. He’s doing great! He gets along really well with PC and Rocky, Buddy not so much. Rocky is his personal springboard, he clambers to the top of the Rocky Mountain to get to higher countertops and tables. You know how toddlers cling to mommies leg sometimes? That’s what Harvey does with Rocky. We still keep them separated when we go out, though. It would only take one snip from the dog and there would be no more kitten.

Rocky and HarveyToday is the day all the Weekend Warriors leave. We sit at the picnic table and watch them pack up and move out. Yes, we are glad we don’t have to do that! At least today. We know that when we get home we will both have to go back to our real jobs.

I wouldn’t mind coming back to this place. It’s busy and crowded but sometimes that’s part of the fun. And maybe we will rent a boat!

Harvey and PC share a bed

Greetings from New Orleans!

Park

Greetings from New Orleans! We are at Pontchartrain Landing and thrilled to be here. This was a milestone for us. The place we picked out is really very nice.

Pretty much all of the campgrounds in the southwest were glorified parking lots – lots of gravel. You figured out where your site was by finding the power pedestal with your number on it. Somewhere near there would be your water hookup and the sewer hookup.

It took us three days to get across Texas, even in Travel Mode. Although we do take our time. We aren’t traveling nearly as fast as we would if we were going by car.

Whistle Stop Resort

From Deming  NM, we went to Van Horn TX, then to Whistle Stop RV Resort in Abilene TX, which we both really liked. It was a newer campground so although they had grass, they didn’t have trees. But they treated us nicely and had a great salt-water pool.

Treetops in Arlington TX

Then we went on to Treetops RV Resort in Arlington, TX, which was REALLY nice. It was an older campground in the middle of a suburb/city. I think it must have been a trailer park at one time because it had old trees and great landscaping right down to water fountains and a mini park with a pool for guests. It was somewhat behind a huge mall so we could have walked to Target if it hadn’t been so hot.

That’s where we saw the eclipse. It really was interesting, but we were at 75% so you really could only see it if you had glasses. We were sorry to leave there. There is so much to do in that area but we were traveling.

Harvey August 2017

A friend of our daughters brought us a Bengal kitten to give to our daughter when we were in Abilene.  The poor kitten was terrified, but he settled in pretty quickly.  What a personality he has! I guess it has been a while since we have had a kitten because this guy is a hoot.

Harvey the bengal kitten

Next was the KOA in Shreveport LA, where my friend Margie Krauss Harvey came to visit for a day.  We went out to a Cajun restaurant. Not as spicy as I had expected. Lots of fried foods. After she left, we went to Walmart and stocked up with food. Harvey was still a tropical storm at that point, but better safe than sorry.

When we headed from Shreveport to NOLA, we realized that when we changed our plans to pick up the kitten, we had taken ourselves out of the storm path of the now-hurricane. Dodged a bullet there! I think we should name the kitten Harvey. Here it is a little breezy and overcast, but no rain yet. But I have a story to tell you…

As we were going south on I-49, we saw ahead of us a black cloud in the road. Not unusual, that is the way rain looks in the southwest. Then the pellets starting hitting us and we realized it wasn’t rain but BUGS. Really weird looking black bugs with long bodies, 4 wings on each end and tenacious feelers. They left a big white splat on the windshield, which the wipers just spread, even with the windshield washer spray.

We passed through a couple of those clouds. After we were pretty sure we were out of them, we pulled off the road into a gas station to get fuel and do a better job of cleaning off the windshield. As we approached the pumps, I realized that we might be too tall for the overhang so I jumped out to check our height. I turned to look back at the truck and realized that the entire front cap of the trailer was a seething mass of these bugs. You could just barely see the word Solitude.

I hand-motioned John back because we were too tall and as I did that, I noticed that the bugs were moving. They had formed this mesh and were crawling off the front of the trailer to the edges, where they were flying away in a swarm. I realized I only had a few seconds to get back in the truck so I ran around the front the truck to help guide John back and realized they were on the grill as well. I don’t know why I didn’t realize they would be there, too, I should have. They were crawling up the hood of the truck like a bat crawls out of a cave, first one side, then the other.

Then they were on me, and I ran, windmilling my arms over my head to get them OFF OF ME. John had no idea what that hand motion meant but he obediently followed me in the truck and trailer as I ran down the access road to I-49. Eventually he caught up and I jumped in the truck and shouted GO as I was swatting the few who came in with me. We drove for at least another hour before we tried stopping again.

We were glad to see that, this time, they were dead. We were not glad to see that they wouldn’t come off easily. I thought we would just brush them off – nope. They have to be scrubbed off by hand, and they are everywhere. Not just the front of the trailer – all the slide-out edges, the arms of the awning, the roof air conditioners, even the back ladder. Fortunately, we are in a campground that allows you to wash your trailer. A lot of them don’t.

I was kinda hoping that maybe the rain from Harvey would take off, but we tried just rinsing them and they need soap. So John is out there now as I type with a hose, a bottle of Dawn and a scrub brush. Thank goodness we stocked up!

We do plan on doing some things while we are here. There are lots of tours we can take, the trolley, the steamboat, even ghost tours which have to be held during the day as the cemeteries are locked and patrolled at night.

Cemetary

I was surprised by how much of Louisiana is under water – at least in this part of the state. When you look at a map of the city, you see the river going through but what you don’t see is the swamp on both sides of the river. Miles and miles and miles of the interstate are actually on piers.

Our campground is actually a marina so we are pretty close to the water. I can look up and see a boat going by. Behind that is a draw bridge. When you walk over to the office – which also rents cottages – you can see a bigger bridge. They have a great pool here with an infinity waterfall. Everything here is very green. Like Arlington, it is more of a resort. There is a landscaped island between the sites, which are made of crushed shells, not rocks. We did finally buy Rocky some shoes and he seems to appreciate them.

Rocky in his boots

Well, John has finished with the trailer and is now working on the truck. You can see the Chevy logo again.  One of neighbors came by and said those bugs are called Love Bugs. Nothing lovely about them!

Greetings from Deming, NM

Greetings from Deming NM! This is a town with no less than 7 campgrounds that I counted. We are paying $18 a night for full hookups, cable, access to a neighboring hotel with a pool and wifi…there are probably 10 hotels or motels in town, I didn’t count. And I have no idea why! This town has no museums, no parks, no activity other than Walmart. Maybe the proximity to the Mexican border?

We are going to be paralleling the border for the next two stops. Border patrol is everywhere and we have been stopped twice. Both times I had our passports ready to show but we got us through without a problem.

Anyway, we are still on stones, since we are still in the desert. Butterfields in Benson AZ was really very nice and is high on my list of places to snowbird. They have their own observatory!  Butterfields is on stone, too, but had paved roads, and trees. It was right behind the Safeway and across the street from the post office. We never did get to do everything in the area, although we did spend a day in Tombstone.

TombstoneAnd, yes, it was a tourist trap. All the buildings had been restored on the outside. The road is closed to traffic – horses only – and the employees all wear period costumes. Virgil, Morgan and Wyatt Earp all wander the streets keeping law and order and occasionally getting into disputes with “the cowboys”. Doc Holiday wanders in and out. They will happily pose for pictures until it is time for the show – the shootout at the OK corral – which you have to pay for. It was fun.

The day before we had been to Gammons Gulch, a movie set. That was owned by the son of a man who did movie sets for John Wayne. He knew everyone from back in the day. As a kid on the set, he was allowed to be an extra and when he wasn’t working, he was running errands for the actors or the director.

He actually grew up in Tombstone which was a dying, impoverished town before becoming a tourist trap. When he became an adult, he bought property outside of town and began building a permanent movie set. That is Gammons Gulch. It has quite a number of authentic looking buildings with completely modern interiors to be used for makeup or whatever.

Several of the buildings were open to the street and could actually be working businesses if needed for the movie. They were a blacksmith, a Chinese laundry, a jail, a working telegraph offices and even a saloon with swinging doors. Probably more. The salon had a great interior complete with tables, a bar and a stage. There was a a piano he played for us.

Several of the buildings had been built by the movies so they looked different from the front than from the back. They were all build on railroad tracks so they could be moved, which also meant they weren’t taxable:-)). There is a lovely church there. If you want a Western themed wedding, the whole town is only $750 a day.

 Strip Mine

From there we went to Bisbee, a former mining town.  Lots of museums and quaint shops, all on HILLS.  There was quite a bit more to do in the general area, but we just ran out of time. Maybe we will come back next year.

We left early on Sunday following directions that said, “1. Get on I-10. 2. Follow I-10 for 187 miles. 3. Get off I-10.” Probably the easiest part of the trip. No horrible hills but we constantly saw signs that warned of high winds and dust storms. There was even a series of signs that said what to do in a dust storm. (Get off the road, turn your lights off and keep your foot off the brake. Stay off the road until it is clear again.)

We thought because it is monsoon season here, we wouldn’t see a dust storm . We were wrong. You know that bad storms you have been getting? We get the same thing, usually around sunset. And they are BAD – heavy winds, hail and so on. So when were setting up at this campground at 3PM, we saw one coming. (You can see them for miles, it’s so flat. They have a black cloud with black rain underneath.)

We set up quickly, and then looked out the window to see the four horsemen of the apocalypse marching toward us. They pounded on the side of the trailer for half an hour, screaming and yelling the whole time. Then they flew over us, becoming brown dementors as the swirled toward the mountains in the distance. Maybe now I understand the signs…

Anyway, we have a couple of days to relax here. There are no trees but the dog park does have grass! We took Rocky yesterday and he didn’t quite know how to react to a spongy surface. We are going into travel mode across Texas. Drive a day, rest a day, drive a day, rest a day. We should get to see the eclipse from Dallas. Then on to New Orleans! Very much looking forward to that, although I hear they are having flooding problems. Oh, well, can’t be much worse than monsoons and dementors.

Greetings from Benson, AZ

Greetings from Benson, Arizona! We are staying at Butterfields resort and observatory, and last night we got to see the stars from the observatory! Really very different from planetariums. Learned a lot about how scientists study these things and why they think there is life on one of Saturns moons. But I will start at the beginning.

We were disappointed by Sedona. The campground was nice – first time we have seen actual grass in a long time – but Sedona was designed for purchasing upscale items. Camp Verde was your typical rocky campground. The roadway is paved but everything else is small rocks.

Jerome
We did go see Jerome, a copper mine high in the mountains, and Montezuma’s Castle, which is not a castle and has nothing to do with Montezuma.

Montezumas CastleWe also went to Out of Africa, a wildlife park on rocks with lions and tigers and bears. We took a mog ride around the outback and saw lot of wild animals, pretty much all rescues.

Feeding a GiraffeCarlos left us in Phoenix. It has been hard to get used to his absence. Rocky is still looking for him. He has graduated college now and has to get a job, so he probably won’t be back next year.

We scheduled ourselves for a week at Butterfields, just to rest. We actually have a tree! But still no grass, it’s all rocks. There is an outbreak of Leptospirosis (a dog disease spread by urine) in this area so they are pretty strict about taking your dog to the dog park to do his business. They disinfect the dog park daily. That means walking Rocky on rocks or hot blacktop several times a day, so we are going to REI today to buy him some shoes. Not just for this area, this has been an ongoing problem for him. Hot, hot rocks.

Saguaro National ParkWe went to see Seguaro National Park yesterday, which is an 8 mile drive through the deserts with parking areas and signs to explain what you are seeing. Lots and lots of cacti. We stopped on the way home to see “The Thing”, which was probably a paper mache mummy. But it was in a museum that was probably put together in the 70’s and never updated. Some interesting cars, old implements from the 19th and early 20th century, all displayed on shag rugs and covered with a layer of dust and dead bugs. Still, it was worth the 90 cents we paid. (We got a 10% discount.)

Today we are going to REI, then off to Tombstone. Tomorrow we signed up for a private tour of a movie town and then who knows. We are still dealing with the heat, although it doesn’t get much over 95 here. We are in “monsoon season”, which means it storms pretty much every night.

Greetings from the Grand Canyon!

Grand Canyon PanoramaWell, we spent 4 days at the Grand Canyon and got to see the whole park. We utilized the free bus system quite a bit. The rangers had both impromptu and formal talks, which were very interesting. And once again, every visitor center had a museum or display of some sort.

BearinzonaWe did spend a day at Bearizona. This is an outdoor zoo, but there was a drive through portion as well. Lots of bears, donkeys, elk, goats and that that sort of thing, all of whom weren’t afraid of cars. But they are very strict about not feeding them, so there was no begging. It was really amazing. Later we went through the viewing part of the zoo and attended a talk on predators. Carlos will go home much smarter:-))

SedonaWe had an adventure getting to this new place. We had been warned many, many times about not taking 89A to Sedona as it was not big rig friendly, but we got turned around going through construction and that is exactly where we ended up. We tried to find a place to turn around, but the die was cast and we ended up doing 8 miles of switchbacks on a 6% grade.

That is such a steep hill and such tight turns, John had to go into the oncoming lane to avoid the back end of the trailer hitting the guard rails. When there were guard rails! More than once the back end of the trailer swung over the abyss. Then there were the overhangs – red rocks that hung over the roadway about an inch over the top of the trailer. A few people coming UP the hill had to move over or just plain stop to let us through. Carlos and I crossed every finger, every limb and every eye on that trip, but we made it. Whew!

Sedona is as hippie dippie as you may have heard. Psychics and Healers and Galleries and Vortex’s abound. The city is very well manicured and takes honoring the earth very seriously. Not only are there recycling stations everywhere, but evening lights are seriously discouraged. No light pollution! If Vegas has an exact-opposite city, Sedona is it. Even our campground has a rule about all lights out at 10PM.

We leave tomorrow for Camp Verde, which is only a little south of here but has more things to see and do. (Sedona seems to be mostly shopping.). We hope to visit a working copper mine town, Montezuma’s Castle (sorta like Mesa Verde) and Out of Africa, a wildlife park. We’ll have to see. It’s been raining here a lot, too.

The cat’s are going to miss Carlos, they are just as likely to sleep with him as with us. I am still amazed at how accepting the cats and Rocky were of him.

Greetings from Utah!

Balancing RockIf you ever get a chance to travel this part of the world – even for a week – you really should.  These National Parks are all huge, with nice roads, great places to pull off and eat or hike, explanatory plaques at each stop. Every single solitary visitor center is a museum of some sort. Besides the obligatory brochures everywhere and the gift shop, there is always a display. We’ve been stopping whenever we can. At one of the stops, we saw a huge paleontology exhibit. Utah is the place to find dinosaurs!

Dinosaurs in Utah

Arches National Park and Canyonland has some of the most breathtaking views you will ever see. You can see many of the arches from the road, which was good because it was *so* blinking hot, we went on very few of the walks. Canyonland is full of canyons, which you can see as you go down the very steep hills. Sometimes you can even drive into them and look up – absolutely stunning.

We drove to Kanab UT to see the Best Friends Animal Shelter. We would really like to volunteer there but I am not sure when. We are thinking about leaving a little earlier next year and going out to the Black Hills. Definitely see Mt Rushmore and maybe even Yellowstone before it implodes. But we need to set a slower pace. We are getting good at the set up and breakdown, but we just have not allowed ourselves enough time in each place to do more than scratch the surface. So our days are a bit frantic.

Lake Powell Marina

Lake Powell was one of the nicest places we have stayed so far. Definitely a desert landscape, but well cared for and we had a view of the lake. You could rent a houseboat and stay on the water for a whole week if you wanted! Or rent an RV. That seems to be very popular out here. Every other Class C is from CruiseAmerica, Best Time, El Monte or Road Bear. Lots of things to see and do in the area, including a restaurant and home build right into the rocks.

And don’t expect to ever know what time it is. Utah and Arizona have two different time zones, and not all of AZ participates in Daylight Savings. So we went back and forth between three different times zones all the time we were there. Verizon was a little iffy in spots, so the three phones and the truck never agreed with each other.

We are now at the Grand Canyon RV resort. Sites are a little tight, but internet is good! And it has cooled down majorly. We went from 96 to 66 – it’s 61 right now – and raining. It’s going to rain most of the week, but we are still going to see the Canyon and Bearizona. There are petroglyphs in the area, so we will see those too. Those are actually all over the place, it’s not hard to get to see them.

We need to do some maintenance on the trailer as well. We have just been kinda throwing things in cabinets. Now that we have some down time (we will be here 4 more nights), we can take things apart and put them back neatly. Plus we have had some trim come lose. Can’t blame Grand Design, they are all things we have knocked into or not secured properly before moving.

Carlos is doing well. To my surprise, Rocky and the cats remembered him. He has the pullout bed with a memory foam topper and says it is very comfortable. PC sleeps with him:-)

Utah Panorama

Greetings from Las Vegas!

White TigerWe reluctantly left Las Vegas behind on Sunday. On our last days, we went to see Bodies and the Enchanted Garden and Tiger Preserve. We were going to close out the day on Fremont St, but it was just too hot even though the street was covered. Plus we are spending too much money.

Fremont StreetZion has been absolutely incredible. We just aren’t going to be here long enough to see and do everything. We have to come back. Every time you turn a corner, you see a new view.

Grand Canyon TopographyTomorrow we are going to Arches National Park and will visit Canyonlands, Mesa Verde and the Black Canyon. They are all part of the overall Grand Canyon – if you look at a topography map, you can see it’s all one big massive geological force. After that is Wahweap, Lake Powell, Glen Canyon and the Grand Staircase as well as Antelope Canyon.

We wander in and out of mesas and buttes and sheer drop offs and hairpin switchbacks – we were on one today that John almost had to back up on in order to turn. Amazing. It is so stunning, it just doesn’t seem real. I’ve been taking a ton of pictures but it doesn’t capture the magnitude of the area.